Breeding and selecting crops for insect pest resistance, January 1983 - March 1989

322 citations by Jayne T. MacLean

Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library in Beltsville, Md

Written in English
Published: Pages: 30 Downloads: 212
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Subjects:

  • Plants -- Disease and pest resistance -- Bibliography.,
  • Plants -- Insect resistance -- Bibliography.

Edition Notes

Statementprepared by Jayne T. Maclean.
SeriesQuick bibliography series -- NAL-BIBL. QB 89-75., Quick bibliography series -- 89-75.
ContributionsNational Agricultural Library (U.S.)
The Physical Object
Pagination30 p. ;
Number of Pages30
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15269757M

This chapter explores the likelihood of unintended effects from diverse methods of genetic modification of plants and animals (see Operational Definitions in Chapter 1).Specifically, it discusses unexpected outcomes of breeding methods used to develop a food crop or strain and unexpected or unintended effects recorded in the scientific literature. INSECT PESTS OF MAJOR FOOD CROPS, THEIR REINVASION POTENTIAL AND THE EFFECTS OF RADIATION ON ARTHROPODS A1 FINAL REPORT ~ JUE Contract No. NC OCO Work Unit No. Prepared for: OFFICE OF CIVIL DEFENSE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON, D.C. This document has been approved -File Size: 7MB. Dr. Subba Reddy Palli Department Chair & State Entomologist S Agricultural Science Center North Lexington, KY [email protected]   When susceptible pests munch on these “Bt crops,” they get poisoned. But insects that have developed resistance to Bt toxins can live on undeterred, and that resistance is growing. “When Bt crops were first introduced in , no one knew how quickly the pests would adapt,” says study coauthor Bruce Tabashnik, head of the University of.

Pest Management Practices Insects, disease, and weeds cause significant yield and quality losses to U.S. crops. Pesticides, one option to combat pest damage, have been one of the fastest growing agricultural production inputs in the post-World War II era, and have contributed to . BIOTECHNOLOGY – Vol VIII - Crop Protection Through Pest-Resistant Genes - Stanley Freeman, Anges W. Mwang’ombe ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Pest and disease resistance is expressed in the ability of an organism to exclude or overcome, completely or to some degree, the effect of a pathogen, pest, or other damaging factors. About this Item: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, Paperback. Condition: New. Language: English. Brand new Book. Resistance to insect is the inheritable property that enables a plant to inhibit the growth of insect population or to recover from injury caused by populations that were not inhibited to grow.   "Same pest, same crop, same Bt proteins, but very different outcomes," Tabashnik said. Cross-Resistance a Factor. The new study revealed that pest resistance to Bt crops is evolving faster now than before, primarily because resistance to some Bt proteins causes cross-resistance to related Bt proteins produced by subsequently introduced crops.

  Smith, M. Public sector plant breeding and pest resistance management. in Online Proceedings of CAST Pest Resistance Management Symposium, Indianapolis, IN, USA, April 10–11, (The Council Cited by: Co-op 17 is recommended for use in breeding as a potential source of insect resistance, firm flesh type, smooth, yellow fruit finish, and long-term retention of quality in storage. After ten years of evaluation, Co-op 25 stands out as one of the longest keeping, highest .   Already, more than species of insects have evolved resistance after repeated exposure to natural and synthetic toxins. Pest populations also harbor rare genes that confer resistance to Bt. Scientists are trying to delay pest resistance to Bt crops, but progress has been stymied by lack of information about the genetic basis of such resistance. However, insect resistance development is an important concern for all stakeholders, including growers, technology providers, and the seed companies that develop biotech-derived crops. Given the benefits associated with insect protected seed, insect resistance management (IRM) must be a consideration when cultivating these crops.

Breeding and selecting crops for insect pest resistance, January 1983 - March 1989 by Jayne T. MacLean Download PDF EPUB FB2

Inindirect measurements and visual damage ratings were made at one location. A significant positive relationship was found between visual midge damage rating and percentage yield loss (r = ), and between visual midge damage rating.

Breeding and selecting crops for insect pest resistance, January - March Beltsville, Md.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library, [] (OCoLC) Discusses the latest advances in the field of plant resistance to insects especially the application of molecular biology in developing insect resistant crops.

Includes a comprehensive chapter on breeding techniques for developing insect resistant crops. Covers advances in Breeding and selecting crops for insect pest resistance of insect resistant cultivars in a wide range of crops including cereals, pulses, oil seeds and horticultural and cash crops.

Breeding and selecting crops for insect pest resistance, January - March citations / prepared by Jayne T. : Jayne T. MacLean. The object of this book is to provide insight into the principles of disease and insect-pest resistance and to elaborate the resistance breeding practices with specific examples from as many different crops and parasites as possible.

In this comprehensive account of the principles and practices of breeding crops for resistance to diseases and insects, specific examples are drawn from many different crops and parasites and an extensive reference list provides access to the original literature.

Following an introductory chapter, 7 chapters are devoted to the following topics: (1) disease resistance concepts (with information Cited by: This book reviews and synthesizes the recent advances in exploiting host plant resistance to insects, highlighting the role of molecular techniques in breeding insect resistant crops.

It also provides an overview of the fascinating field of insect-plant relationships, which is fundamental to the study of host-plant resistance to insects. Studies in the Agricultural and Food Sciences: Plant Breeding for Pest and Disease Resistance presents a critical review of the development of resistant varieties of plant to pests and diseases.

It discusses the economic impact of pests and diseases; the methods of controlling these pests and diseases; and the challenges being faced by a plant breeder. The information is then used to recombine in a single cv several genes known to be effective against a given race and genes effective against all prevalent races in a production region.

Classical Breeding for Insect Resistance. The use of various chemical insecticides has several by: 1. Breeding Pest-Resistant Trees documents the proceedings of a N.A.T.O.

and N.S.F. Advanced Study Institute on Genetic Improvement For Disease and Insect Resistance of Forest Trees held in Pennsylvania State University from August 30 to Septem Book Edition: 1. Breeding Insect Resistant Crops for Sustainable Agriculture and genetically modified crops for resistance to insect pests under field and greenhouse conditions.

Br eeding Insect Resistant. In addition, the genetic control of insect pest and disease resistance is sophisticated and probably more complex than for annual crops.

Moreover, conventional tree selection and breeding for insect and disease resistance requires complex and lengthy laboratory and field tests, especially since resistance patterns may change from young to adult trees.

Over the past 20 years, tree breeding programmes. Breeding for Resistance to Diseases and Insect Pests. George Acquaah. Bowie State University, Maryland, USA Mechanisms of defense in plants against pathogens and pests. Screening techniques in disease and pest resistance breeding.

Applications of biotechnology in pest resistance breeding. Epidemics and plant breeding. Outcomes assessment. 'Breeding crops with resistance to diseases and pests' is the most up-to-date text book on this topic targeted towards students in Plant Sciences.

This book describes the most basic elements in plant pathogen interactions and defence strategies in by: Biological and economic effects of plant pathogens and pests. Overview of the methods for control of plant pathogens and pests. Concepts of resistance in breeding.

Concepts of pathogen and host. Mechanisms of defense in plants against pathogens and pests. Types of genetic host resistance and their breeding approaches.

Resistance breeding strategies. Conclusions. In Breeding Pest-resistant Trees, the only dedicated book on the subject published inthe authors state that "very few intensive efforts to breed insect resistant trees have been started, and even these [are] in their infancy".This statement is still valid today although the use of biotechnology has brought about significant changes in the research area.

Purchase Plant Breeding for Pest and Disease Resistance - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

Breeding for Host Resistance. Breeding plants (or animals) for resistance to insects is really just another form of biological pest control. Rather than finding insects to attack the pests, breeders look for genetic traits (or combinations of traits) that reduce an organism's susceptibility to attack or injury by its insect pests.

Generally pesticides and toxic chemicals are used by farmers to keep insects and pests in check. But the use of chemicals poses a threat to our natural envir Skip navigation. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

THE Imperial Bureau of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cambridge, has issued a Bibliography on Insect Pest Resistance in Plants (1s. 6d.). The sources drawn upon include publications from the British. Chapter 6 The Present and Future Role of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Cotton in IPM Steven E.

Naranjo1,*, John R. Ruberson2, Hari C. Sharma3, Lewis Wilson4, and Kongming Wu5 Abstract Transgenic cottons producing Cry toxins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) provide for control of lepidopteran pests and were first commercially grown in Australia, Mexico and the USA in Genetic engineering can be accomplished using multiple techniques.

There are a number of steps that are followed before a genetically modified organism (GMO) is created. Genetic engineers must first choose what gene they wish to insert, modify, or delete. The gene must then be isolated and incorporated, along with other genetic elements, into a suitable vector.

Pest Resistance to insecticides produced by genetically modified crops is on the rise. The potential of plant genetics in the overall context of integrated pest control could be viewed simply as the potential of plant resistance in pest management. Genetic resistance in plants is one of the most effective and economic means of controlling plant pests.

Resistant plants are the first line defence against by: 9. eering of crops for insect and disease resistance may, in the near future, be a realistic possibility (Hallahan al. et ). By and large crop plants, unlike many of their wild relatives, have a low level of endogenous resistance to pest attack since they have either been selected on the basisCited by: 8.

Strategies for Enhanced Crop Resistance to Insect Pests. Insect pests are responsible for substantial crop losses worldwide through direct damage and transmission of plant diseases, and novel approaches that complement or replace broad-spectrum chemical insecticides will facilitate the sustainable intensification of food production in the Cited by: Hello Select your address Plant Resistance to Insects: A Fundamental Approach 1st Edition Examines the molecular biology and genetics of insect resistance in crop plants, and insect genes capable of overcoming resistance to form insect biophytes.

The closing chapter presents hitherto unpublished information on the use of transgenic Cited by: For centuries, humans have searched for crop plants that can survive and produce in spite of insect pests. Knowingly or unknowingly, ancient farmers selected for pest resistance genes in their crops, sometimes by actions as simple as collecting seed from only the highest-yielding plants in their the advent of genetic engineering, genes for insect resistance now can be moved into.

Farmers have been trying to minimize the impacts of crop pests for thousands of years. Insects, nematodes, bacteria, fungi, and viruses can cause massive destruction of important crops, and this destruction can have great socioeconomic effects. For example, the Irish potato famine of the s led to the deaths of about 1 million people and large-scale emigration.Sustainable solutions for diseases and pests in crops.

The scientists of Wageningen University & Research work on various research projects to find sustainable solutions to complex agricultural and horticultural problems caused by diseases and pests. Biological control and the use of resilient systems are examples of these solutions.Breeding trees resistant to insects and diseases: putting theory into application Richard A.

Sniezko. Jennifer Koch Received: 13 December /Accepted: 15 June /Published online: 20 June Springer International Publishing AG (outside the USA) Abstract Tree species world-wide are under increasing threat from diseases and insects Cited by: